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VCE Physical Education and Health

Physical Education Unit 4: Training to Improve Performace


Physical Education Unit 3.

Course Description

In this unit students analyse movement skills from a physiological, psychological and sociocultural perspective, and apply relevant training principles and methods to improve performance within physical activity at an individual, club and elite level. Improvements in performance, in particular fitness, depend on the ability of the individual and/or coach to gain, apply and evaluate knowledge and understanding of training. Students analyse skill frequencies, movement patterns, heart rates and work to rest ratios to determine the requirements of an activity. Students consider the physiological, psychological and sociological requirements of training to design and evaluate an effective training program. 

Areas of Study

What Are the Foundations of an Effective Training Program?

  • Students focus on the information required to form the foundation of an effective training program.
  • Students use data from an activity analysis and determine the fitness requirements of a selected physical activity.
  • Students use data collected from participating in a series of fitness tests to inform the design of the training program.
  • Students determine the relevant factors that affect each of the fitness components, and conduct a series of fitness tests that demonstrate correct and ethical implementation of testing protocols and procedures.

How is Training Implemented Effectively to Improve Fitness?

  • Students focus on the implementation and evaluation of training principles and methods from a practical and theoretical perspective.
  • Students consider the manner in which fitness can be improved through the application of appropriate training principles and methods.
  • Students identify and consider components of an exercise training session, they monitor, record and adjust training.
  • Students explain the chronic adaptations to the cardiovascular, respiratory and muscular systems.


Outcomes Assessment Tasks Marks Allocated
(school-assessed coursework)
Analyse data from an activity analysis and fitness tests to determine and assess the fitness components and energy system requirements of the activity.  A written report analysing data from an activity analysis to determine the relevant fitness components and energy system requirements in a selected activity, and including justification of the selection of appropriate tests to assess fitness. 30
Participate in a variety of training methods, and design and evaluate training programs to enhance specific fitness components

A reflective folio of participation in a minimum of five different training sessions focusing on the components of the session, the training method completed and the implementation of training principles to the fitness components being trained.

A written report that will draw on the personal experiences recorded in the folio to design a six-week training program for a given case study.

A response in one or more of the following formats, which links chronic adaptations of the cardiovascular, respiratory and muscular systems to training methods and improved performance: • a case study analysis

• a data analysis

• structured questions









Total Marks 100

Overall Final Assessment

Graded Assessment Title Assessment Exam Duration Contribution to Study Score (%)
1 Unit 3 Coursework School-assessed   25
2 Unit 4 Coursework School-assessed   25
3 Written Examination November 2 hours 50


Reproduced by permission of the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority, Victoria, Australia: