Curriculum information of Carey Baptist Grammar School

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Year 10 Mathematics

Mathematics A


Highly successful completion of Year 9 Mathematics.

Course Description

This course is a prerequisite for Year 11 IB Mathematics – Standard Level or VCE Mathematical Methods Units 1 and 2. Students who have achieved an average of C or above in Year 9 Mathematics are encouraged to select this subject.

The course follows the scope and sequence of the Year 10 Mathematics A course in the Victorian Curriculum. Students build on skills obtained from previous study of extended Mathematics in the areas Number and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry, and Probability and Statistics.

Problem-solving and modelling is developed progressively throughout the course using real life situations to improve the student's ability to think laterally and write coherently on a mathematical topic. CAS technology is used extensively in the course, both as an instructional aid and a computational tool, while notebook computers are an integral part of the course.

Essential Questions

  • What are the relationships between the angles and sides in polygons and circles?
  • What does the gradient of a straight line represent and how is this useful in the real world?
  • How is our number system structured to include surds and logarithms?
  • Where do quadratic relationships occur and how do we model these?
  • What is probability and how do we model the chance of events occurring?
  • What is the difference between a linear and quadratic equation and how do we solve them?

Areas of Study

Number and Algebra

  • Revision of fractions, decimals, percentage and ratios.
  • Surds, indices and logarithms.
  • Interpreting formulae, algebraic simplification and expansion.
  • Linear, quadratic and cubic factorisation and equation solving.
  • Manipulating and solving indicial, logarithmic, trigonometric and polynomial equations.

Measurement and Geometry

  • Spatial relations, geometric objects and mensuration (length, area, volume and capacity).
  • Pythagoras's Theorem.
  • Circle geometry theorems, arc length, congruence and similarity.
  • Graphs of linear, quadratic, cubic, exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Finding lengths and angles in right angled and other triangles in two- and three-dimensions using formulae.
  • Applications, the unit circle and the graphical representation and trigonometric functions.

Probability and Statistics

  • Use of tree diagrams, Venn diagrams and two way tables to calculate theoretical probability.
  • Independent and mutually exclusive events.


Task Description
Topic Tests One test for each topic studied.​
Major Problem-solving Tasks​ One project or investigation per semester.​
Homework Regular homework is set and assessed.
Semester Examination

One with CAS technology, one without.
Paper 1: Short Answer (technology free).
Paper 2: Multiple Choice and Extended Response (technology active).