# Mathematics

## Proficiencies

**Understanding** includes connecting names, numerals and quantities.

**Fluency** includes readily counting numbers in sequences, continuing patterns, and comparing the lengths of objects.

**Problem Solving** includes using materials to model authentic problems, sorting objects, using familiar counting sequences to solve unfamiliar problems, and discussing the reasonableness of the answer.

**Reasoning** includes explaining comparisons of quantities, creating patterns, and explaining processes for indirect comparison of length.

## Achievement Standard

By the end of the year students are expected to:

- make connections between number names, numerals and quantities up to 10;
- compare objects using mass, length and capacity;
- connect events and the days of the week;
- explain the order and duration of events;
- use appropriate language to describe location;
- count to and from 20 and order small collections;
- group objects based on common characteristics and sort shapes and objects;
- answer simple questions to collect information.