Curriculum information of Carey Baptist Grammar School

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Year 5 Integrated Studies

Integrated Studies

Year Level Description

Integrated curriculum and inquiry develop the Year 5 student's skills across a number of subject areas – Business and Economics, Geography, Health Education, History and Science – and are closely linked to the Year 5 Learning Journey.

By the end of the year students are expected to:

  • locate appropriate resources and select relevant information;
  • compare information from different sources;
  • use a range of effective note-taking skills;
  • prepare and deliver a range of presentations that demonstrate knowledge and skills related to the topics.

Business and Economics

The Year 5 curriculum gives students the opportunity to develop their understanding of economics and business concepts by exploring the importance of decision-making in everyday life.

Students develop an understanding of why decisions need to be made when allocating resources and the various factors that may influence them when making decisions. Methods that help with these decisions, particularly for consumer and financial decisions are considered. The emphasis in Year 5 is on personal or community issues or events, including decisions relating to economic matters, with opportunities for concepts to also be considered in broader contexts where appropriate. Through the Year 5 market experience, students investigate the basic principles of economics and the fundamentals of good business practice. As part of a group, each student develops a concept and business plan to sell goods and make a profit.

By the end of the year students are expected to:

  • understand the difference between needs and wants and why choices need to be made about how limited resources are used;
  • understand influences on consumer choices and methods that can be used to help make informed personal consumer and financial choices .


The primary focus for Year 5 is to understand the location of the major countries of Europe and North America in relation to Australia and the influence of people on the environmental characteristics of places in at least two countries from both continents.

Students explain the characteristics of places in different locations at the national scale. They describe the interconnections between people, places and environments, and identify the effect of these interconnections on the characteristics of places and environments. They describe the location of selected countries in relative terms and identify spatial distributions and simple patterns in the features of places and environments. They identify alternative views on how to respond to a geographical challenge and propose a response.

Students develop geographical questions to investigate and collect and record information from a range of sources to answer these questions. They represent data and the location of places and their characteristics in graphic forms and use the cartographic conventions of border, scale, legend, title, and north point. They propose action in response to a geographical challenge and identify the expected effects of their proposed action.

By the end of the year students are expected to:

  • evaluate sources for their usefulness and represent data in different forms, for example, maps, plans, graphs, tables, sketches and diagrams;
  • construct maps that conform to cartographic conventions, including border, source, scale, legend, title and north point, using spatial technologies as appropriate;
  • present findings and ideas in a range of communication forms, for example, written, oral, graphic, tabular, visual and maps;
  • describe the influence of the environment on the human characteristics of a place;
  • collect and record relevant geographical data and information from primary and secondary sources, for example, people, maps, plans, photographs.

Health Education

The students are directly involved in activities that illustrate what it means to be healthy and how this involves a balance of social, physical and emotional dimensions. They identify influences on personal and group behaviour and appropriate actions and attitudes that can promote good health and wellbeing. Students learn to build positive social relationships, work effectively in teams, manage and resolve conflict, and increasingly take greater responsibility for their own learning. Students participate in the Life Education Program, which aims to empower children to make informed choices for a safe and healthy life.

By the end of the year students are expected to:

  • identify some of the psychological and emotional elements that affect decision making and the manner in which people operate;
  • identify the factors that enhance health and safety;
  • explain how taking on roles within groups affects relationships and behaviour;
  • work effectively in teams;
  • manage and resolve conflicts;
  • manage their own learning by setting goals and managing resources to achieve them;
  • explain some of the myths and facts surrounding the use of alcohol;
  • describe some strategies for responding to encouragement or pressure to drink;
  • describe some of the physical, social and legal consequences of alcohol use;
  • describe some strategies to reduce the harmful effects of alcohol on themselves and others.


The Year 5 curriculum provides a study of colonial Australia in the 1800s. Students look at the founding of British colonies and the development of a colony. They learn what life was like for different groups of people.

By the end of the year students are expected to:

  • demonstrate knowledge about how the organisation and lifestyle of non-Aboriginal and Aboriginal communities have changed over time;
  • explain the reasons for the establishment of British colonies in Australia after 1800;
  • explain significant events and people in Australia's history from the 19th century to the present day;
  • explain the impact that the discovery of gold had on Victoria;
  • investigate colonial life to discover what life was like at that time for different inhabitants;
  • understand the fundamental principles of economics — scarcity, needs/wants and distribution of resources.


Science covers the areas of Science Knowledge and Understanding and Science at Work. Through investigation, students learn about the important features of science experiments and explore the concepts or relationships and cause and effect. They are encouraged to form questions to guide investigations and to identify the type of evidence that would be needed to answer particular scientific questions.

By the end of the year students are expected to:

  • explain how particular adaptations help the survival of living things;
  • describe and list adaptations of living things suited for particular Australian environments;
  • explore general adaptations for particular environments such as adaptations that aid water conservation in deserts;
  • understand that the Earth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the Sun);
  • identify the planets of the solar system and compare how long they take to orbit the Sun;
  • model the relative size of and distance between Earth, other planets in the solar system and the Sun;
  • recognise the role of the Sun as a provider of energy for the Earth.